AskDefine | Define rasp

Dictionary Definition



1 uttering in an irritated tone [syn: rasping]
2 a coarse file with sharp pointed projections [syn: wood file]


1 scrape with a rasp
2 utter in a grating voice

User Contributed Dictionary




  1. a coarse file (tool)
  2. the sound made by this tool when used


coarse file
sound made by a rasp


to rasp
  1. to use a rasp
  2. to make a noise similar to the one a rasp in use makes; to utter rasps
  3. to work something with a rasp


Extensive Definition

A rasp is a woodworking tool used for shaping wood. It consists of a point or the tip, then a long steel bar or the belly, then the heel or bottom, then the tang. The tang is joined to a handle, usually made of plastic or wood. The bar has had sharp teeth cut into it. Rasps generally cut more coarsely than files. They are useful for rapidly removing wood from curved surfaces. They remove less wood than a drawknife, so they are easier to control. Even though rasps leave very coarse finishes, the cut-away areas can be easily smoothed with finer tools, such as files.
There are several types and shapes of rasps. There is a half round, round and flat. The several types of rasps are bastard, cabinet and wood (finest to coarsest). All these varieties can be used to make different shapes.
A similar tool to a rasp is a Cheese Grater file; it has individual teeth like a rasp for cutting wood with the exception that the teeth have a small hole near each of the them to allow shavings to pass through (like a cheese grater). The advantages include a faster cutting like action, and prevented clogging with material being removed. They come in different styles and shapes including file-plane, round file and shaping/shaving tools. Today with the aid of better manufacturing techniques the cheese grater style rasp/file is again popular.
Rasps are not limited to woodwork, however. They can also be used in shaping alabaster stone. In fact, a rasp is the only tool that is prominently used to shape alabaster. Saws and chisels are also used, but only to rough out the shape of the alabaster sculpture.
rasp in Czech: Rašple
rasp in German: Raspel
rasp in Spanish: Escofina
rasp in Italian: Raspa
rasp in Polish: Tarnik
rasp in Sicilian: Raspa
rasp in Swedish: Rasp
rasp in Ukrainian: Рашпіль

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

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